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This step-by-step tutorial shows you how to build a barn door at home.

Many of our readers have asked us what’s the best way of tackling homemade sliding barn doors. It's easy to see why: building a sliding barn door means you don't have to rip open and reframe a wall for a pocket door.

DIY sliding barn door hardware is available in all manner of styles and budgets, and the door options are limitless—from salvage finds to original DIY creations like this one, a mix of pallet wood and common cedar. Follow this tutorial on how to build a sliding barn door from TOH senior technical editor Mark Powers.

14 Steps to Building Your Own Sliding Barn Doors

Overview

Sliding Barn Door Plan & Design Guide Gregory Nemec

Plan for a 2 day project:

  • Day 1: Build the door (Steps 2-10).
  • Day 2: Hang the door (Step 11-13)

Before you begin, measure the width of the door from the outside edges of the casing, then order a hardware kit with a track twice that width.

What type of wood do you use to make a barn door?

Cut List for Installing a Sliding Door

Designed to cover a 30-inch-wide opening with 4-inch casing on either side, this door measures 38½ inches wide by 2¼ inches thick by 83½ inches tall.

  • 1x6 pine boards for the back: Cut the boards ½ inch shorter than the height of the opening to allow the door to pass over the floor guide.
  • 1x3 strapping for blocking: Cut a length the width of the work surface; ours measured 48 inches. Then cut the rest of the board into blocking.
  • 1x5 pine for the filler strips: Cut three rails the width of the door; ours measured 38½ inches. Then cut four stiles to fill between the rails, completing the upper and lower panels of the door. Our stiles measured 35 inches long for the upper panel and 34 inches long for the lower one, to create the 1-inch channel for the floor guide.
  • Pallet boards: About 60 boards at least 24⅜ inches long, mitered to parallel 45-degree angles on each end to fit.
  • 1x6 cedar for face frame: Cut two stiles the height of the door; ours measured 83½ inches. Then cut four rails to span between the stiles; ours measured 27½ inches. Edge-glue and clamp two of those rails together to make the bottom rail. Rip 2 inches off one edge after the glue dries.
  • 1x4 pine for the mounting rail: Cut it to match the track length; ours measured 77 inches.

Step 1: Assemble the Boards

Assembling Sliding Barn Door Ryan Benyi
  • For our 30-inch-wide opening, seven 16s spanned the casing perfectly; you may need to rip the pine boards to width.
  • Measure from the floor to the top of the door casing, then cut the boards ½ inch shorter on a miter saw.
  • Gang the boards side by side, place the blocks along the outside edges, and use long bar clamps to cinch them together.
  • Square up the assembly with longer strapping at the top and bottom edges.
  • Screw the blocks and strapping in place, and remove the clamps.

Step 2: Add Filler Strips

Adding Filler Strips to Sliding Barn Door Ryan Benyi
  • Use a miter saw to cut the 15 filler strips according to the cut list.
  • Add adhesive and set the top rail flush along the top of the boards; adhere the upper stiles below it, flush to the outside edges, and the middle rail below them.
  • Add the lower stiles and rail, leaving a 1-inch channel for the floor guide that contains the door.
  • Drive a 1¼-inch deck screw through each strip into each 16 it crosses.

Step 3: Cut the Chevrons

Cutting Chevrons in Sliding Barn Door Ryan Benyi
  • Use a straightedge to mark a centerline down the door's two inset panels.
  • Set the miter saw to 45 degrees and cut one end off each pallet board.
  • Starting at the top rail, butt the mitered ends of two pieces of similar thickness and color together at the centerline, forming an arrow.
  • Use a combination square to mark the boards about ⅛ inch short of where they overlap the stiles, as shown.
  • Miter the pieces to length, then dry-fit them.
  • Repeat, one chevron at a time.

Step 4: Cut the Corners

Cutting the corners on Sliding Barn Door Ryan Benyi
  • For the boards that hit the corners, use the combination square to mark where the piece overlaps the stile and the rail.
  • Cut the two angles on the miter saw, as shown.
  • After installing the longer pieces, fill the rest of the pattern with scrap, cut to fit.

Step 5: Install the Pattern

Installing Chevrons on Sliding Barn Door Ryan Benyi
  • With the chevrons dry-fit in both panels, lift out one pair of boards at a time, apply panel adhesive to the undersides, and press them back in place.
  • Using a pneumatic nailer, tack the boards in place with 1¼-inch brads, one near each corner of each board.
  • Repeat the process, adhering and nailing each pair of boards as you work down both panels.
  • Looking for more decorative options? Explore 11 of our inspirational barn door ideas.

Step 6: Drill Pocket Holes

Drilling Pocket Holes on Sliding Barn Door Ryan Benyi
  • At the miter saw, cut the cedar according to the cut list above.
  • Arrange the pieces rough-face down covering the filler strips.
  • Clamp a pocket-hole jig at the end of a rail, even with one edge, and use the kit bit to drill a hole.
  • Reset the jig along the other edge and repeat.
  • Drill two pocket holes at each end of the upper and middle rails, as shown, and three at each end of the wider bottom rail.

Step 7: Build the Frame

Building the Frame on Sliding Barn Door Ryan Benyi
  • Apply wood glue to the ends of the rails and the adjoining edges of the mating stiles, then clamp the frame together.
  • Drive the screws provided with the kit into the edges of the stiles at each pocket hole, as shown.
  • Remove the bar clamps.

Step 8: Attach the Face Frame

Attaching Face Frame on Sliding Barn Door Ryan Benyi

Gently remove the face frame and set it aside. Apply panel adhesive in a zigzag pattern along the filler strips. Bring the frame back to the table and orient it rough-side up, hiding the screws. Lay it in place, as shown, and align it along all four edges. Tack it down with 1¼-inch brads every 8 inches or so.

Step 9: Rub On the Finish

Waxing Sliding Barn Door Ryan Benyi
  • Lightly sand the entire door with 100-grit paper to knock down any splinters.
  • Use a cotton rag to rub a liberal amount of paste wax into the wood.

Step 10: Attach the Rollers

Attaching Rollers on Sliding Barn Door Ryan Benyi
  • Center the rolling hardware on the width of the cedar stiles. It may help to remove the wheels first.
  • Mark the screw locations, drill pilot holes into the filler-strip edge with a ⅛-inch bit, then screw the hardware in place, as shown.
  • Replace the wheels and slip the track into their grooves.
  • Measure between the door and the track to determine how high above the casing to mount it—¾ inch for this hardware.

Step 11: Attach the Mounting Board

Mounting Board On Sliding Barn Door Ryan Benyi
  • At the miter saw, cut a length of 14 equal to the length of the track.
  • We painted ours to match the wall.
  • Use a stud finder to locate the framing and mark locations above the head casing.
  • Level the mounting board above the casing and drill pilot holes through it and into each stud with a ⅛-inch bit.
  • Secure it with 3-inch deck screws.

Step 12: Install the Track

Installing the Track on Sliding Barn Door Ryan Benyi
  • Measure ¾ inch above the casing and mark two spots on the mounting board.
  • Hold the track flat against the board, with its bottom edge at the marks.
  • Using a 2-foot level, check that it's level, then mark each lag bolt location on the board.
  • Set the track aside and drill 5⁄16-inch pilot holes at each mark.
  • Thread a lag screw through one hole and a standoff and tighten it—not all the way—using a ⅜-inch socket wrench.
  • Ratchet the rest of the lags in place, then go back and snug them all up.

Step 13: Roll the Door On

Roll Door on Sliding Barn Door Ryan Benyi
  • Install a doorstop at one end.
  • With a helper, hoist the door onto the track and slide it to the stop.
  • Install the other stop.
  • Position the L-shaped floor guide so that it contains the door in both its open and closed positions.
  • Mark the screw locations, drill pilot holes, and secure the guide to the floor with the included screws.
  • Position the door handle on the centerline of the stile, drill ⅛-inch pilot holes, and secure it with the included hardware.

Tools: