We may be compensated if you purchase through links on our website. Our Reviews Team is committed to delivering honest, objective, and independent reviews on home products and services.More
Large machinery installing a well in a nice neighborhood

How Much Does Well Installation Cost?

Typical Cost Range: $3,500–$15,000

Join more than 6,755 people who have received a free, no-obligation quote in the last 30 days

Invalid Zip Code
Enter details in under 3 minutes

Join more than 6,755 people who have received a free, no-obligation quote in the last 30 days

Author Image Written by Brenda Woods Updated 03/22/2024

Whether you live in a rural area or simply prefer getting your water from a private source, installing a well on your property has numerous benefits. You won’t have to pay a monthly water bill, and you’ll have some control over your water’s mineral and chemical contents. However, drilling deep enough to access clean water can be expensive, and you’ll need to store and purify the water once it gets to the surface.

On average, drilling a water well costs $3,500–$15,000, depending on several geological and technological factors. You may be able to dig a shallow well yourself, but it’s best to hire a professional contractor for a well that will provide water for an entire home. This guide outlines the well installation process and its costs.

Use our expert research to learn more about your project

Enter your ZIP code and tell us about your home

Match with local experts who can meet your needs

Get A Quote from Local Plumbing Pros
Typical Price Range: $3,500 – $15,000
Plumber repairs and maintains chrome siphon under the washbasin.
Plumbing Repairs

On average, plumbing repair jobs usually total between $150 and $500.

Water Heater Installation

Water heater replacement costs can range from $820–$3,500.

Gas Boiler room in a private house. Water filtration and softener system
Water Softener Installation

A water softener system can cost $500–$6,000, depending on the type of system.


What Are Signs That You Need to Repair a Well?

Wells require maintenance and occasionally require repair. Here are signs that you may need a professional well company to do an assessment. You may only have to pay a service fee if your home warranty covers well pumps or well systems.
There’s low water pressure or no water at all.
Your well yields are discolored, foul-smelling, foul-tasting, or contaminated water.
The pump continually turns on and off, even when you aren’t using your well.
You’ve been through a dry season, and the water flow to your home is sputtering.
It’s been more than 10 years since your well pump was installed.
The pump is making loud noises.
There’s visible damage to the well.
Your electric bills rise due to an overworking pump.

Get a Quote: Get your quote on well installation today

What Does Well Installation Cost on Average?

Though $3,500 to $15,000 is a wide range, it’s hard to narrow it down without knowing the specifics of your property. The cost of your project depends on the following factors.

  • Appliances and materials: You’ll need hardware to create a functional water well system, which increases cost.
  • Depth: The deeper your well needs to be to reach water, the more it will cost to drill and install.
  • Method: Installation processes that require specialized or powerful machinery are more expensive.
  • Type of well: Different types of wells serve different functions and have different costs.

Cost by Well Depth

The deeper you need to dig, drill, or drive, the longer the job will take and the more labor it will require. Most residential wells need to be at least 50 feet deep and have an average depth of 300 feet, but how far you need to drill to hit water depends on geographic factors. Accessing state and local geological surveys and learning about existing wells in your area will give you a better idea of the depth you’ll need. The table below includes price ranges for various depths.

Depth in FeetPrice Range

















Cost by Type of Well

Shallow, residential water wells are the least expensive to dig or drill. Sand point wells, which are shallow and can be driven by hand or machine, are similarly inexpensive but don’t usually provide a home’s entire water needs. Geothermal wells are relatively inexpensive on their own, but installing one costs tens of thousands of dollars. 

Artesian wells that drill into an aquifer are more costly to drill but less expensive to run. Irrigation wells are the most expensive because they handle the highest volume of water, though residential irrigation is much less pricey than commercial irrigation.

Here are the costs for each type of well.

Well TypePrice per FootTotal Cost

Artesian well



Geothermal well



Irrigation well



Residential well



Sand point well



Cost by Method

Digging is the least expensive way to create a well, but it’s limited to about 100 feet in depth. Digging can also be thwarted by highly compacted or rocky soil. You can create a shallow well of up to 50 feet by driving a small-diameter pipe into the ground and removing the soil from inside. However, most residential-scale well projects require a drill to excavate.

MethodPrice per Square Foot







Cost by Appliances and Materials

Modern well systems consist of much more than a hole in the ground and a bucket on a rope. Here are some mechanical components that go into a working water well.

Casing Pipe

Well-casing pipe supports and protects the well’s walls, so it needs to be sturdy. This pipe is typically made from polyvinyl chloride (PVC), the most affordable option ($6–$10 per linear foot). Galvanized or stainless steel casing is also available for a premium ($30–$130 per foot). Steel may be necessary for earthquake-prone areas, as it’s much less susceptible to cracking and breaking. Casing pipe costs $630–$2,400, depending on its length.

Electrical Components

Most wells need electrical wiring to operate the pump and pressure switch. These components aren’t expensive ($50–$150), but a licensed electrician needs to install them, costing $150–$500.

Purification System

Some people assume that well water is cleaner than municipal water, but municipal water goes through a strict treatment process that water from private wells doesn’t. If you’re using a well for drinking water or other residential applications, you’ll need a purification system to rid the water of contaminants before you can use it. Whole-home water treatment systems cost $500–$3,000, plus another $200–$400 for installation.

Storage Tank

Once the water is brought to the surface and purified, it needs to be stored and pressurized so you can use it in your home. A 2-gallon water tank can cost as little as $100, but if you’re going to use well water for most of your needs, you’ll probably need a large pressure tank that costs between $1,400 and $2,400.

Well Pump

One of the most critical parts of the well system is the water pump, which brings groundwater to the surface. A hand pump for a shallow well can cost as little as $150–$500, but most electronic pumps cost between $300 and $2,000, depending on how powerful they are. A shallow well can sometimes use an aboveground surface pump, but a deep well usually requires a powerful, more expensive submersible pump that sits below the water line and pushes the water up. Some artesian wells can get away without using a pump system since the groundwater is already under pressure and may be pushed to the surface naturally.

Get A Quote from Plumbing Professionals in Your State

What Factors Affect Well Installation Cost?

The above factors are the biggest cost variables, but here are a few other things to consider when estimating your project’s price.

Your location determines your climate, water table depth, and the type and condition of the bedrock. It will also affect labor costs. For example, Florida is a relatively inexpensive place to dig a well because it has a high water table and an average cost of living. The price is higher in desert states like California, Texas, and Arizona.
You’ll need to check with your state and local government about permits for any project that involves digging in the ground. Permits can cost anywhere from $5 to $500 depending on where you live, but a well drilling company can help you determine which ones you need.
The farther a well is located from your house, the more expensive materials and labor will be. You’ll require longer pipes and electric lines, usually at an additional cost of $50–$150 per linear foot.
Drilling an existing well deeper is less expensive than installing an entirely new well. Redrill fees are usually $300–$600, and a professional can typically complete the job in a day.
Dry and rocky soil conditions, as well as dense bedrock or heavy clay, can make well drilling more difficult and thus more expensive. You may require heavy or specialized machinery, which can add up to 150% of the base price to your total.
Before drinking water from your well, you’ll want to test its quality to make sure it’s safe. Do-it-yourself (DIY) water testing kits are available for $50–$150, but if this is going to be your home’s primary water supply, you should hire a pro. This can cost between $100 and $500, but it’s well worth checking for the presence of viruses, bacteria, fungi, heavy metals, radon, pesticides, and other contaminants.
If you’re installing a well to live off the grid, you’ll also need a way of dealing with wastewater that doesn’t involve hooking up to the municipal water system. Many professional well drillers can install a well and septic system at the same time, which will save you money on labor. A septic tank installation costs $2,000–$7,000 on its own or $5,000–$22,000 when combined with a well system.

Get a Quote: Get your quote on well installation today

What’s the Difference Between a Private Well vs. Municipal Water System?

One benefit of installing your own well is that you’ll no longer need to pay municipal water bills. You’ll only need to pay for the electricity to operate the pump (about $3–$4 per month), plus maintenance costs of $100–$250 per year. Compared to a monthly utility bill of $20–$40, you can save up to $500 a year.

Should You DIY vs. Professional Well Installation?

It’s possible to install a well yourself, but it’s more complicated than digging or drilling a hole in the ground. Here’s what you can expect from the process, whether you do it yourself or hire a professional.

Professional Well Installation

Well installation professionals have the tools and experience to drill plus install the casing, pump, well cap, and other hardware. They also know how to adjust the process if they encounter anything unexpected under the soil and can help you apply for permits. You’ll pay at least $1,500 in labor costs on top of the well equipment and may pay $10,000 or more for deep wells in poor soil conditions.

DIY Well Installation

Digging or driving a shallow well in an area with a high water table is within the capability of dedicated DIYers. However, you must ensure you go deep enough to get to truly clean water beneath the contaminated runoff in the upper layers of soil. These shallow, driven wells also provide a limited water supply. You can rent a drill rig for $600–$800 per day for larger, deeper wells, but this will only give you the borehole; you’ll also have to install all the hardware yourself.

Steps to follow

Here are the general steps that go into drilling your own well.

  1. Choose a location on your property and check local geological survey records to ensure there are accessible water sources underneath.
  2. Obtain state and local permits for excavating the ground.
  3. Decide whether drilling, digging, or driving is most appropriate based on the soil conditions and required depth.
  4. Rent the appropriate equipment and excavate the hole.
  5. Insert the casing pipe to support and protect the borehole and seal it in place.
  6. Install the appropriate pump, storage tank, pipes, and electrical wiring.
  7. Install a purification system and test the water quality before consuming it.

What Is the Life Expectancy of a Well?

Drilled or dug wells can last as long as the walls hold up, but the equipment that runs them usually needs to be replaced every 20–30 years. The pump may fail, or the casing pipe may develop leaks. Replacements can cost up to $10,000 in materials and labor. You can extend your equipment’s lifespan by performing regular checks and maintenance or by hiring a well company to do these for you.

It’s also possible for a well to run dry. This isn’t likely or always permanent since aquifers and other sources may need time to fill back up. A well may fill with sediment over time, which will need to be pumped and cleaned out. In rare cases, you may need to dig deeper or find a different fracture to regain water flow.

What Is The Return on Investment on Well Installation?

It’s widely claimed that having a functional well will raise your property value, but there’s no data on how much of a return on investment (ROI) you can expect. The consensus is that a well that yields drinking water will add more value than an irrigation well, but a nonfunctional or contaminated well will be a liability. Wells are generally more valuable in rural areas or where people want to live off the grid.

How Can You Save Money on Well Installation Costs?
Installing a well is an expensive project, but there are some ways to save money.
Install your well as close to your home as possible to reduce the need for lengthy wires and pipes.
Research your yard’s soil and the depth you’ll need to drill before purchasing a DIY well drilling kit. Just because the kit can go 100 feet into the ground doesn’t mean you’ll hit clean water.
Once the well is in place, connect it to hose bibs to use well water for washing your car and irrigating your lawn.
Get quotes from at least three well-installation services before hiring one.

Our Conclusion

It’s important to acknowledge that many DIY well drilling kits are sold within the “doomsday prepper” market. These kits are unlikely to be sufficient if you intend to use your well to fulfill most or all of your residential water needs. You’re better off at least consulting with local professionals who will know about your area’s geological features and water levels before starting the project. These professionals can help you make informed decisions about well installation.

A properly installed well can save you money on your utility bills and provide a private, unmetered water source. Make sure to budget for the drilling of the actual borehole and the equipment needed to pump and store the water, as well as water testing and purification if you intend to drink it. Your system should last for many years once it’s set up.

Get A Quote from Local Plumbing Pros
Typical Price Range: $3,500 – $15,000

Frequently Asked Questions About Well Installation Cost

Is it worth it to install a well?

It can be worth it to install a well, depending on your needs and budget. Drilling a private well is a large investment, but if you live in a rural area or an area with poor water quality, it could increase your property value. Consult with local professionals before beginning to drill or dig.

What is the average cost for a well installation?

The average well installation cost is $3,500–$15,000, including drilling and the casing, pump, and storage tank. Price can also depend on the depth of the borehole, ranging between $25 and $65 per foot.

How much will it cost to hook up a well to a house?

The cost to hook a well up to a home’s plumbing system depends on the machinery used to pump and carry the water. Piping and electrical lines cost $50–$150 per foot, a purification system costs $300–$5,000, and a pressurized storage tank costs $1,400–$2,400.

How long does it usually take to install a well?

The time it takes to install a well depends on its depth and the conditions of the soil and bedrock, but drilling can usually be completed in a day or two. Installing the pump system takes another day. After that, it depends on how long and extensive the pipes and electrical system need to be. The whole process should take about a week.

To share feedback or ask a question about this article, send a note to our Reviews Team at reviews@thisoldhousereviews.com.