If you have a suspected or confirmed bed bug infestation, a pest control company is typically the best line of defense. Individuals can expect to pay between $300 and $5,000 for bed bug extermination, with an average cost of $1,750. Since bed bugs can live up to 400 days without a food source, you’ll need regular inspections after the initial treatment, which cost between $100 and $150 per inspection. If more bed bugs are detected, your pest control provider may need to apply another round of treatment, increasing the total cost.

Here Are Our Picks for the Best Pest Control Companies of 2023

Signs and Causes of a Bed Bug Infestation

Bed bugs are insects that feed on human blood and typically reside in small crevices, such as the spaces between mattresses, box springs, and other parts of the bed. While most people think bed bugs are isolated to dirty hotel rooms, these pests can easily find their way to other places, including your home.

Typically, bed bugs are carried from an infested area to your home by hitching a ride on your luggage, purse, backpack, or other personal item. These pests can also travel from one room to another in multi-unit buildings, such as apartments or condos.

Similar to ticks, spotting bed bugs is difficult because of their small size and ability to hide in cracks and crevices. The signs of a bed bug infestation are different from the signs of a flea infestation. Here are a few things to look for on your bed if you suspect you have bed bugs:

  • Blood stains on sheets and pillowcases
  • Black or dark brown spots along mattress seams or bed frame slats
  • Small eggshell-colored skins along your mattress
  • Pungent odor akin to the smell of rotten raspberries

Another sign of bed bugs is small red bumps across your skin. These bites are usually congregated in exposed areas of the body, such as the neck, hands, shoulders, and legs. While some people don’t develop any symptoms after experiencing a bed bug bite, others can have severe reactions that cause fevers or blisters.

Pest/Termite Control

Get a customized plan based on your home's needs

Get Free Estimates
Termite Inspection
Pest Inspection

Get quarterly inspections to monitor for sign of pests

Get Free Estimates
Pest Control
Pest Extermination

Find the right plan to eliminate pests from your home

Get Free Estimates

Factors That Affect Bed Bug Extermination Pricing

The cost of bed bug extermination is influenced by multiple factors, including the number of infested rooms, type of treatment, infestation level, and treatment frequency.

Number of RoomsAverage Cost
One room$300–$475
Two rooms$750–$900
Three rooms$1,050–$1,300
Four rooms$1,500–$1,700
Whole-home treatment$3,750–$6,000

The cost of bed bug extermination fluctuates depending on the number of rooms that are affected. For example, it’s cheaper to exterminate bed bugs in a single room than it is for whole-home treatment.

TreatmentCost per Square FootProsCons
Heat$1–$3Heat treatment kills bed bugs at all stages of life without chemical useItems susceptible to heat damage must be removed before treatment
Chemicals$2–$4.50Combines a variety of chemicals that reach every part of the room to kill bed bugsCertain chemicals may be hazardous to pets
Steam$2–$7.50Chemical-free treatment that penetrates infested surfaces better than other methodsSeveral treatments may be needed to completely eradicate bed bugs
Freeze$3–$6Chemical-free treatment that’s safer for surfaces that can’t tolerate heatOccasionally, bed bugs are blown away instead of killed on contact
Fumigation$4–$8Kills 99% of bed bugs and pests in an areaCan be harmful to pets and people if applied incorrectly

There are many ways for a professional to exterminate bed bugs in your home, each ranging in cost and effectiveness. Your exterminator will select the type of method that’s right for your home based on your budget and infestation level. Here are the costs associated with each available treatment method and their pros and cons.

Level of InfestationCost

The cost of exterminating a bed bug infestation depends on its severity, with the price of removing a few bed bugs being less costly than removing them from a whole home. Below is an estimate of how your bed bug infestation level impacts the overall cost of bed bug treatment.

Level of InfestationCost

If your home has a severe infestation, your bed bug exterminator may have to schedule a series of inspections and treatments for a few months. Below are cost estimates based on how often a pest control specialist has to come to your home.

DIY Bed Bug Removal vs. Using an Exterminator

There are benefits to both DIY and professional bed bug removal, which you can review below.

DIY Bed Bug Removal

There are a few DIY bed bug removal remedies that can address an infestation. If you think you only have a few bed bugs, you can vacuum your bedding, mattress, and surrounding bed frame. Additionally, you’ll want to vacuum the surrounding areas, getting between every crack and crevice. This removes any live bed bugs and sucks up any eggs or larvae.

In addition to vacuuming, you can try washing and drying your bedding on high heat. This will kill bed bugs living on the material.

While these DIY methods can address an immediate bed bug issue, the larger problem may not be addressed. A pest control company will be able to look at your unique infestation and recommend a treatment plan that’s right for you.

Using an Exterminator

Here are a few things you can expect from a bed bug exterminator:

  • Infestation inspection with a recommendation for a detailed treatment plan
  • Specific treatments based on your infestation level, budget, and home layout
  • Post-treatment bed bug inspections and additional treatment applications, if necessary
  • Recommendations on how to avoid a future bed bug problem

Hiring a bed bug specialist will help you address your issue in a timely and effective manner while giving you peace of mind that your problem is under control.

Here are a few things to consider when hiring a bed bug exterminator:

  • Are they licensed and insured? It’s important to hire a bed bug exterminator that’s licensed and insured. Each state has its own licensing requirements, which ensure that a professional has the proper knowledge to handle pest control equipment and chemicals. Additionally, insured pest control companies keep you protected should an accident occur in your home.
  • Which extermination methods do they use? The professional treatment method an exterminator uses impacts your treatment plan and its overall cost. Understanding your provider’s treatment methods is also important for preparing your home, whether that be by removing furniture or pets.
  • Do they offer pet-friendly treatment options? If you have pets and are worried about a potentially harmful bed bug treatment, ask your provider if they offer pet-friendly treatment options. These treatments are usually chemical-free and pose few safety risks.
  • Do they have canine detection teams? Some bed bug exterminators use canine detection teams. This is a highly location-dependent service not offered by all companies, but it is among the most effective ways to diagnose a bed bug infestation. A trained dog can pick up on the scent of bed bugs hidden throughout a home and alert the handler.

How to Avoid Future Bed Bug Infestations

Here are a few ways to prevent bed bug infestations:

  • Check second-hand furniture, such as used couches or mattresses, for signs of bed bugs before bringing them home.
  • Use a protective cover that encases your mattress to prevent bed bugs from reaching hidden folds or corners.
  • Vacuum your home frequently to eliminate any lingering bed bugs.
  • If you use a shared laundry facility, transport your clothes in a plastic bag to prevent pests from crawling inside. Additionally, remove clothes from the dryer immediately and fold the load at home.
  • Inspect your hotel mattress, carpentry, curtains, and surrounding area for signs of bed bugs before unpacking your clothes.
  • Wash clothes and luggage immediately after traveling to eliminate any bed bugs that may have come home with you.

Bed Bug Exterminators In:

Frequently Asked Questions About Bed Bug Extermination

Our Rating Methodology

The This Old House Reviews Team backs up our pest control recommendations with a detailed rating methodology that we use to objectively score each provider. We review pest control plans, navigate the provider website, speak with customer service representatives by phone and online chat (if available), request quotes, and analyze customer reviews for each provider. We then score the provider against our review standards for plans and services, reputation and customer responses, customer service offerings, workmanship guarantees, financing, and availability to arrive at a final score on a 5-point rating scale.

To share feedback or ask a question about this article, send a note to our Reviews Team at reviews@thisoldhousereviews.com.