The Harvester peach tree is one of the highest yielding peach trees—not only will you get several bushels of peaches every year, you don’t have to dedicate too much yard space to this tree because of its semi-dwarf size. To see if you have the right environment and skill level to grow a Harvester peach tree, keep reading to learn about growing conditions and maintenance.
Harvester Peach Tree Overview
|Fruit size||2–3 inches in diameter|
|Fruit uses||Eat raw or in a recipe|
|Fruit color||Red and yellow blush skin; yellow flesh|
|Fruit texture and flavor||Fuzzy and juicy texture, sweet flavor|
|Region||South, West Coast|
|Growing season||Blooms in early spring; pick in July or August|
|Susceptibility||Peach leaf curl, mildew, brown rot, scab disease|
What Does a Harvester Peach Tree Look Like?
The typical Harvester peach tree has green leaves with white and pink blossoms. When the blossoms are fertilized, they bear fruit that’s two to three inches in diameter. The peaches have a mix of yellow-reddish color on its fuzzy skin with yellow, juicy flesh on the inside.
Harvester peach trees grow to be 10 to 15 feet high and five to 10 feet wide. This makes it a semi-dwarf tree because it’s between a full-size peach tree that gets as tall as 25 feet and a dwarf tree that’s under 10 feet.
Growing and Maintaining a Harvester Peach Tree
To keep your Harvester peach tree healthy and help it produce as many peaches as possible, follow these growing guidelines.
Sun and Shade
Harvester peach trees require full sun to produce a heavy crop yield, so choose a spot in your yard that’s away from the shade produced by other plants.
Peach trees prefer loamy soil, which is mostly sand with some clay. The soil should be well-drained and have a pH between 6.0 and 6.5.
Newly planted peach trees should be fertilized one week after planting and again a month and a half after that. An established Harvester peach tree should be fertilized twice a year—once in early spring and once in late spring or early summer, since that’s when the plant is going through the fruit production process.
Consider using a balanced fertilizer with equal parts nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium to promote an overall healthy tree. Some potential ratios are 10-10-10, 12-12-12, and 20-20-20.
Semi-dwarf peach trees should be watered once a month during the winter and at least once a week during the rest of the year. To determine when the tree needs water, touch the soil—if it’s dry, water it until it’s moist.
Ideal Hardiness Zones
Harvester peach trees thrive in warm climates or in hardiness zones 6–9 that encompass a majority of the South and the West Coast.
How to Plant a Harvester Peach Tree
The Harvester peach tree comes as a bare-root tree, a tree that was previously grown in the ground, dug up during dormancy, and placed in a container with moist material for traveling. It’s best to buy a bare-root tree in the late winter or early spring so you can immediately plant it into thawed ground.
Once you have a Harvester peach tree, here’s how to plant it:
- Find a spot in your yard that will get direct sunlight.
- Dig a hole that’s three to four feet wide and slightly deeper than the root ball.
- If your soil is clay-heavy, add a few shovelfuls of compost. Otherwise, don’t amend the soil.
- Place the plant in the hole and refill the hole so that none of the trunk is buried.
- Soak the tree with water and place mulch around it to prevent weeds.
A Harvester peach tree may take two to four years to blossom for the first time. Expect about three bushels per season, which is roughly 50 pounds of peaches.
Tolerance and Susceptibility
The Harvester peach tree is susceptible to a few diseases, including peach leaf curl, mildew, brown rot, and scab. Peach leaf curl creates red or purple bubbly spots on the leaves, eventually causing the leaves to curl down.
Mildew creates powdery, gray spots, brown rot creates fuzzy, gray spots, and peach scab creates olive green or brown spots. These three fungal diseases attack any part of the tree, from the branches and leaves to the fruit.
Insects like oriental fruit moths, stink bugs, and aphids may attack the leaves and fruit of your peach tree. You can also expect small-to-medium sized animals, like birds and squirrels, to steal the fruit.
The Harvester peach tree is perfect for the gardener with a medium-sized garden, as its semi-dwarf size won’t take up too much yard space, who wants a consistent peach yield over the years. Fast-Growing-Trees.com has done the nurturing and grooming for you, so you don’t have to wait years for your Harvester to bear fruit. Buy a Harvester peach tree online today.
Frequently Asked Questions About Harvester Peach Trees
Can you net a Harvester peach tree?
Yes. Netting your peach tree can keep out unwanted animals, like squirrels and birds. Wait until the fruit starts appearing in its green form and lay a lightweight netting material with holes that are ¼–½ inch wide to allow sunlight to reach the plant.
What are chilling hours for peach trees?
Chilling hours are the number of hours a tree needs between 32 and 45 degrees Fahrenheit while it’s dormant in the fall and winter. If the chilling hour requirement isn’t met, the blossoms may not open when spring comes, affecting how much fruit is produced. Note: different peach varieties have different chilling hour requirements, but the Harvester peach tree requires 750 chilling hours.
How much does a peach tree cost?
Peach trees vary in cost depending on their size and resistance to diseases. You can buy a Harvester peach tree for $70 to $80.
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