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How to Install Bifold Doors

The most difficult—and sometimes most frustrating—part of the installation is attaching and adjusting all the hardware. But we can talk you through it.

It seems every house built since the 1950s has closets with sliding doors. Space-saving, sure, but not the best-looking—and certainly not very revealing when you're trying to see (or reach) the goods in the middle of the closet where the doors overlap each other.

Heavy bifold doors with a sturdy track, on the other hand, move effortlessly away from the center of the closet to give you a full picture of the contents inside. And because bifolds come in a wide array of profiles, they bring character to a plain opening. Replacing those hollow-core builder's specials with a pair of weighty solid folders isn't a huge deal; the whole assembly and installation will take you a mere Saturday afternoon. Follow our step-by-step guide to DIY bifold doors and you'll be rewarded with a wide-angle view when it's time to pick out the day's duds.

Step 1

Bifold Doors Overview

Illustration by Gregory Nemec

Bifold doors are much like any doors, only connected into pairs with hinges and hung on a track. What makes them look good and work well are a solid, heavy construction and sturdy and carefully adjusted hardware.

The heft of the doors is what keeps them from shuddering when you open them. So it's best to look for solid–core or solid–wood doors, which will feel more substantial than hollow–core doors. (Solid doors are also easier to trim if any part of your door opening is out of square.) Then, in order to handle the weight of these heavier doors, you'll need a track that includes a wheeled mechanism, which allows the doors to glide smoothly rather than shimmy along the track.

The most difficult—and sometimes most frustrating—part of the installation is attaching and adjusting all the hardware. The track, the pivots, the hinges all have to be assembled just so, and it's worth taking the time to double–check every measurement and position to be sure each piece is in the right place and facing the right way.

Step 2

Mount the hinges

Photo by Kolin Smith

Finish or paint the doors before starting. Label the doors to show the order they'll be installed and which sides face out.

Take a jamb side door and mark its inner edge 11 inches from the bottom, 7 inches from the top, and centered between the two. Place the door on edge with the marks facing up.

Take the lower half of a hinge and align its bottom with the bottom mark, its knuckles facing back and flush to the edge. Use a self?centering bit to drill pilot holes through the hinge holes. Screw on the hinge plate. Attach the top and middle hinges, on their marks.

Place the leading (inner) door on edge, facing back-to-back with the first door. Align the doors evenly against a square, then put the hinges together. Screw the hinge plates to the leading door. Repeat on the second pair of doors.

Step 3

Attach the track hardware

Photo by Kolin Smith

Fasten the pivot plates (the pins that fit into the track and the floor bracket), and the locking arms (the hooks that slide along the track) to the top and bottom of each set of doors. The pivot plates go on the tops and bottoms of the jamb–side doors, and the locking arm on the tops of the leading doors.

Each kit requires its hardware to be uniquely positioned, so check the diagrams that come with yours for exact measurements and placements. These will tell you, for example, not only how far a pivot plate should be from the door edges around it but also where its pin should be in relation to the door's edges. Adhering to all the given dimensions ensures that no piece goes on backward.

Step 4

Install the track

Photo by Kolin Smith

Use a hacksaw to cut the track to length to fit the closet opening. Slide the hanging hardware into the track—the small stops in the center, then around them the track hangers with wheels, and finally the pivot socket on the outside.

Attach the track to the door header with the screws provided. Position the track 1 inch in from the front edge of the header. This will give you enough room to hide the track with trim without limiting the door action.

Tip:Don't tighten the hardware onto the track. It will be easier to hang the doors later if the pieces are loose.

Step 5

Position the floor bracket

Photo by Kolin Smith

Use the measurements supplied by the manufacturer to position the floor bracket next to the door jamb.

Hang a plumb bob from the center of the track above the floor bracket to align the pin hole in the bracket front to back. This will ensure that the doors are plumb when installed. Outline the bracket in pencil to mark its exact location.

Screw the bracket in place, then remove the screws and set the bracket and screws aside.

Step 6

Hang the doors

Photo by Kolin Smith

Bring the doors to the track and lift the jamb side to hook the pin of the top pivot plate into the pivot socket. Make sure the pin is all the way in, then push the lever on the side of the socket to lock it in place.

Slot the pin from the track hanger into the locking arm on the leading door. Twist the arm to lock it into place. With the doors closed, swing them forward enough to catch the floor bracket in the bottom pivot pin.

Step 7

Attach the floor bracket

Photo by Kolin Smith

Swing the doors back into place and align the floor bracket with the pencil marks. Use a flexible bit extender to screw down the bracket.

Hang the other set of doors. Close both sets and adjust them along the track to even up the reveal around them. Then, using the wrench provided with the hardware, tighten the pivot sockets on the ends of the track and the small stops in the center.

Tip: Ask a helper to give you a hand in lifting and holding the doors, which can be unwieldy.

Step 8

Attach the door aligner

Photo by Kolin Smith

From inside the closet and with the doors closed, mount the door aligners between the two leading doors, 6 inches up from the floor. The aligners catch when the doors are closed, keeping the door faces flush with each other.

From outside the closet, check the alignment. Adjust the track hardware as necessary to keep the reveal around the doors even.

Step 9

Install the door pulls

Photo by Kolin Smith

For flat doors, measure 36 inches from the floor on each leading door. Then mark the center, side-to-side, at that height. For paneled doors, find the center of the middle rail instead. Hold a straightedge diagonally from corner to corner on the rail, draw a line in the middle, then switch to the other diagonal and cross the line. The X marks the rail's center.

Drill 3/16?inch holes at each mark and screw on door pulls.

Cut a piece of 1x2 stock the width of the closet opening to conceal the track. Prime the trim and let it dry. Use a 1/16?inch bit to drill pilot holes through the underside of the trim into the header. Screw the trim to the header with 2½?inch trim screws. Fill the screw holes, then paint the trim to match the casing.