roger cook sweeping stone for a low-maintenance, all-gravel driveway
Steps // How to Create a Low-Maintenance, All-Gravel Driveway
1 ×

Apply the Bitumen

 
Step One // How to Create a Low-Maintenance, All-Gravel Driveway

Apply the Bitumen

Apply the Bitumen to  Install a Low-Maintenance, All-Gravel Driveway
Photo by Keller + Keller

Before the crew arrives, remove any weeds or moss and sweep the driveway clean with a broom. Hot tar can't stick to wet pavement, so the paving contractor will schedule the work for a dry day. The crew starts the process by using a long wand to apply an even, ¼-inch coat of MC3000 bitumen heated to 190 degrees F.

 
2 ×

Dump the Stone

 
Step Two // How to Create a Low-Maintenance, All-Gravel Driveway

Dump the Stone

Dump the Stone  to  Install a Low-Maintenance, All-Gravel Driveway
Photo by Keller + Keller

As soon as the bitumen is down, the wheelbarrow crew hauls dry stone from a dump truck and unloads it onto the hot tar. The material used for this project—tan peastone—is a popular choice. Other colors and types, including crushed stone, can also be used, as long as the stone is washed and screened to ⅜ inch or less.

 
3 ×

Spread the Stone

 
Step Three // How to Create a Low-Maintenance, All-Gravel Driveway

Spread the Stone

Spread the Stone to  Install a Low-Maintenance, All-Gravel Driveway
Photo by Keller + Keller

Following right behind the wheel-barrows, crew members with wooden lutes spread the stone over the tar, making an even layer about a half inch thick. This step must be done quickly, before the tar cools. Stones that fall outside the driveway's edge should be raked or swept back.

 
4 ×

Roll the Surface

 
Step Four // How to Create a Low-Maintenance, All-Gravel Driveway

Roll the Surface

Roll the Surface  Install a Low-Maintenance, All-Gravel Driveway
Photo by Keller + Keller

Once the stones are spread, a multi-tire pneumatic roller machine is driven back and forth over the stones to press them firmly into the bitumen. (A pavement roller with a steel wheel would crush the stones.) When the rolling is done, the driveway is ready for use.

 
 

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