Everything You Need to Know About Arbequina Olive Trees
All olive lovers know about Arbequina olives, the meaty, blac,k antioxidant-rich fruits perfect for making oils, putting on pizza, or scattering across a charcuterie board. Incredibly popular for their large harvests and hardiness, Arbequina olives make up 78% of all olive acres planted in California, according to the Olive Oil Times. Arbequina olive trees make excellent outdoor plants as well as patio accents, easily brought inside during winter snaps, with gorgeous silvery-green foliage and delicate white blooms.
Arbequina Olive Trees at a Glance
Arbequina olive trees have weeping branches with shiny, silvery-green leaves that retain their color year-round in warm climates. They grow to be 15-20 feet tall at maturity with an 8-12-foot-spread. Their small, fleshy olives emerge green before transitioning to a light pink, then ultimately turn glossy black when they’ve ripened on the tree and are ready to be harvested.
|Weeping branches with silvery-green foliage that retains color year-round in warm climates. Small olives transition from green to pink then black when they’ve ripened.
Zones 8-10 outdoors, Zones 4-7 on patio/indoors
Type of tree
Full sun to partial shade
Highly adaptable, prefers alkaline and well-draining
USDA Hardiness Zones indicate the regions where different types of plants thrive across the country based on minimum relative winter temperatures. If planted outdoors, Arbequina olive trees flourish in Zones 8-10. If planted in a container, they can remain outside in Zones 4-7 until winter, when they should be brought inside.
Arbequina olive trees should be planted in fall or early spring. If planted outside, choose a location that receives full sunlight to partial shade and good soil drainage. The preference is for at least six hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight per day. They are self-pollinating and will yield fruit with just one, but planting a second will boost their yield. If you choose to plant more than one, make sure they are 8-12 feet apart from each other, measuring from their trunks.
Remove any weeds or turfgrass and clear away any debris from the site. Dig a hole that is roughly twice the width of the root ball. Backfill the hole with soil, then water gently to settle the roots.
Arbequina olive trees are low-maintenance, able to tolerate many different soil types, a range of sunlight, and able to withstand temperatures as low as 20 degrees Fahrenheit.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can you eat Arbequina olives?
Yes, Arbequina olives are fleshy, meaty black olives that can be eaten as a snack, used to make oil, and more.
How quickly do they produce fruit?
Your Arbequina olive tree will start producing fruit within 2-4 years of planting.
Do the olives ripen after you pick them?
No, you pick them off the branch when they are black and ripe.
Do you need two olive trees to get crops?
Arbequina olive trees are self-pollinating, so you only need one to get fruit. However, planting another olive tree will increase your harvest.
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