Tools & Materials
In this video, This Old House landscape contractor Roger Cook visits a tropical botanic garden to learn how to care for orchids as houseplants.
1. To prevent overwatering, fill a tray with pebbles, then add enough water to just barely cover the pebbles.
2. Set the potted orchid on top of the pebbles.
3. Another way to water an orchid is to hold the plant over a sink, then soak it until the water drains out the bottom of the pot. Wait until all excess water drains out of the pot.
4. Give an orchid a thorough watering no more than once a week.
5. Add orchid fertilizer the day after watering, once a week.
6. Orchids need ventilation. Use an electric fan to circulate the air and leave plenty of space in between and underneath plants. Don’t bunch orchids too closely together.
7. If your orchid produces green foliage but no flowers, gradually move the plant to a brighter spot. However, avoid direct sunlight.
8. Orchids are more likely to bloom when there’s only a 10 degree change between daytime and nighttime temperatures.
9. To encourage new blooms, wait until all the old blooms have died back, then count the nodes up from the bottom. Use hand pruners to cut the plant just above fourth node.
10. It’s typically best to wait two years before repotting an orchid.
11. A plastic pot is useful because it retains moisture, but most orchids do well in a clay pot with side vents.
12. Orchids grow in growing media (not soil), such as sphagnum moss, perlite, coconut husk chips, phalaenopsis, diatomite, or any mixture of these organic materials.
13. When using sphagnum moss, be sure to first soak the moss in water before filling the pot.