• In this video, This Old House general contractor Tom Silva explains the wide world of insulation.

    Steps:
    1. Cellulose insulation is composed of shredded newspaper treated with Boron. It's blown into the wall cavities and has an R-value of about 3.6 per inch.
    2. Closed-cell insulation forms a hard, rigid foam surface with an R-value of 6.0 per inch.
    3. Open-cell insulation is blown into wall cavities as a liquid and within a few seconds it expands and hardens. It boasts an R-value of 3.6 to 3.8 per inch.
    4. Insulation made from ground-up blue jeans comes in batts and installs just like fiberglass insulation. It has an R-value of about 3.2 to 3.6 per inch.
    5. Fiberglass insulation fits into the stud bays and traps air to deliver an R-value of about 3.2 to 3.6 per inch. Be careful not to pack the insulation too tightly. It loses its effectiveness if compressed.
    6. To block out moisture in extreme cold or hot climates, consider installing a polyethylene vapor barrier on the warm side of the wall.
    7. A vapor retarder blocks most moisture, but still allows the insulation in the stud bays to breathe. Vapor retarder can be installed separately or it comes already attached to the insulation batts.
    8. Open-cell and cellulose insulation don't need vapor barriers, but can benefit from a vapor retarder in some climates. Closed-cell insulation doesn't need a vapor barrier or retarder.
    • 1 to 2 hours
    • R-19 fiberglass insulation costs about 30-40 cents per sq ft
    • Difficulty: Easy
      although patience is needed to determine which insulation is best for your climate and budget
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      Tools List

      • 100-foot tape measure
        Tape measure, for measuring room dimensions

      Shopping List

      1. Notebook, pencil and calculator, used to calculate and record insulation costs and quantities