• Steps:

    1. Use a pointed spade to remove all the topsoil from the area.
    2. Cover the area with a mixture of ¾-inch crushed stone and stone dust; rake the stone smooth.
    3. Use a hand tamper to compact stone base.
    4. Add more crushed stone to bring it level with the surrounding grade, then compact the area again.
    5. Spread stone dust over the crushed-stone base, then compact it with the hand tamper.
    6. Check the stone base for level.
    7. Set the cast-concrete base into place and check it for level.
    8. If one end of the base is low, add some stone dust underneath, then check again for level. If necessary, use a rubber mallet to pound the base into level alignment.
    9. Set the fountain's basin on top of the concrete base and check it for level.
    10. Place the solar-powered submersible pump inside the fountain's basin.
    11. Stake the solar panel into the ground a few feet from the fountain; be sure the panel is facing south.
    12. Run the power cord from the pump to the solar panel.
    13. Insert the rubber plug into the hole in the basin to seal the power cord and prevent water from leaking out.
    14. Hold the fountain's top over the basin, and have a helper feed the pump hose through the top's center hole.
    15. Set the top down onto the basin, making sure it's centered.
    16. Fill the fountain’s basin with water.
    17. Bury the power cord in a shallow trench, then plug power cord into the solar panel to activate the pump.
    • Difficulty: Easy to moderate
      no skill required, but a strong back is needed to wrestle the concrete parts into place.
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      Video Directory

      Selected Topic/Section

      Tools List

      • trenching spade
        Pointed spade, used to remove topsoil and to shovel in the crushed stone
      • metal garden rake
        Garden rake, for smoothing crushed stone
      • tamper
        Hand tamper, used to compact the crushed stone
      • two-foot level
        Level, used to check stone and concrete base for level
      • mallet
        Rubber mallet, used to pound concrete base level
      • tree dolly
        Wheeled dolly, used to transport fountain parts to the site

      Shopping List

      Cast-concrete base

      Concrete fountain

      Solar-powered submersible pump¾-inch crushed stone mixed with stone dust, used as a base layer

      Stone dust, used as a setting layer