• In this how-to video, This Old House landscape contractor Roger Cook explains how to build a simple sandbox.

    Age Range: 6 to 12 years

    Kids are fascinated with digging and playing in dirt. Which is why a sandbox is a perfect alternative to the backyard mud pit. Self-contained, free of debris, and easy to dig up with the most plastic of toys, a sandbox can keep kids occupied for hours. And as This Old House landscape contractor Roger Cook shows here, building one is as straightforward as stacking lumber in a square, fastening it together, and filling it with sand—a feat that can be accomplished in an afternoon. In fact, it's so simple it’s practically child’s play—and we can dig that.

    1. Cut the timbers: The timbers that make up the walls of the sandbox will butt end-to-side at the corners. So to determine how long the timbers have to be, subtract 3½ inches (the true width of a 4x4) from the length you want each side to be. Using a circular saw, cut the timbers to these dimensions. You will need 3 pieces for each side of the box.
    2. Lay out the sandbox perimeter: Arrange four timbers in an outline of the sandbox, butting each timber's end against the next timber's side. Using a spade or square-edged shovel, mark the sandbox’s outline by cutting vertically through the turf both inside and outside the loose-laid timbers' perimeter.
    3. Dig out the center of the box: Using a spade, dig down 6 inches within the outline of the sandbox. Then add a 4-inch-wide and 1-inch-deep layer of sand inside the perimeter of the hole.
    (Tip: If the area you've chosen for your sandbox is not level, see instructions digging a flat-bottomed hole.)
    4. Lay the base course: Position the first course of timbers on top of the sand. Push a framing square into each corner and adjust the timbers until they are perfectly square. Hold each corner in this square position by bracing it with a scrap piece of 2x4 screwed down with 3-inch decking screws. Using a sledge and a 4-foot level, gently tap each timber down into the sand until it is level.
    5. Position the second course: Remove the 2x4 braces at the corners. Lay the next course of timbers on top of the base course, but arrange them so they overlap at the corners in the opposite direction from the first course. This will create a lapped pattern.
    6. Tie the courses together: Using a drill/driver fitted with a nut-driver bit, drive 6-inch timber screws down through the top course and into the timber beneath every 3 feet around the perimeter.
    7. Line the box with landscape fabric: Lay landscape fabric along the inside of the box, allowing it to cover the bottom and overlap the second course of timbers. Make sure to push the fabric against all of the edges and into the corners.
    8. Lay the third timber course: Lay the third course of timbers on top of the second, overlapping the corners again. Fasten them to the second course with timber screws (as before). Trim the excess fabric hanging over the outside of the box.
    9. Fill the box with sand: Fill the interior with natural sand and dig-in! To prevent rain and animals from getting into the box, cover it with a tarp held down with Velcro tape.
    • Difficulty: Easy to moderate
      Digging and carrying timbers requires some strength, but assembling the parts is simple.
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      Video Directory

      Selected Topic/Section

      Tools List

      • square shovel
        Spade and Shovel
      • circular saw
        Circular saw
      • speed square
        Speed square
      • framing square
        Framing square
      • four-foot level
        4-foot level
      • mallet
        Rubber mallet or sledge
      • hammer
      • drill
        Heavy duty drill/driver or impact driver fitted with 1/4-inch nut driver bit

      Shopping List

      1. 4x4 CEDAR TIMBERS
      to make up the sides of the sandbox

      2. SCRAP 2x4
      to hold the timbers square while you fasten them down



      to line the box and keep weeds from growing up through the sand

      6. PLAY SAND
      aka natural sand

      7. TARP
      large enough to cover the completed sandbox

      8. VELCRO TAPE
      to hold the tarp down