Far more than fetching facades, some of our nation's most enduring house
styles took root in particular areas due to the local weather, landscape, and materials at hand.
Based on originals built in the 1700s by European settlers primarily in Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jersey, the 20th-century Dutch Colonial Revival is a fixture of suburban East Coast neighborhoods today. The distinctive wood-shingled gambrel roof—typically associated with barn construction—maximizes second-story living space, especially when punctuated with windowed dormers, which also flood the interior with daylight. On some Dutch Colonial Revival examples, the roof's flared eaves extend over the front of the house, transitioning to a large porch supported by posts to shade the facade and protect it from rain and snow. Shutters flanking tall double-hung windows can be closed during a storm. Thick exterior walls made of either mortared fieldstone or timber framing and sheathed with overlapping wood clapboards help insulate interiors against cold winds.