Ranch

Dates: 1930s to 1960s
Features: Sprawling single story, wide facade, front-facing garage, low-pitched roof, asymmetrical facade.

Loosely based on Spanish colonial houses in the Southwest, the Ranch house is a creation of car culture: When homeowners began using their cars for transportation, they could put their houses farther apart on larger plots of land. Along with the split-level of the 1950s and 60s and the builder's shed of 1970s and 1980s, the Ranch was one of the dominant house forms of the second half of the 20th century.
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