Step 1: Lay out the components

laying out the components of landscape lighting
Photo Mark Roskams
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Set the pathway light fixtures on the ground where they'll be installed — usually about 8 to 10 feet apart.

Lay the low-voltage cable along the concrete walkway, following the line of light fixtures. Use 14-gauge cable for lighting systems that total 200 watts or less and 12-gauge cable for systems that are more than 200 watts.

When you come to an obstacle, such as a fence or shrub, string the cable under or around it.

Tip: Put first fixture at least 10 feet from the transformer.

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    Tools List

    • flat blade shovel
      Flat-blade shovel
    • wire strippers
      Wire stripper
    • Phillips screwdriver
      Phillips head screwdriver
    • 11-inch steel punch
      12-inch-long steel punch,
      to poke holes in ground for light fixtures
    • sledge hammer
      Small sledge,
      to pound in wood stakes that hold transformer

    Shopping List

    1. 100-FOOT COIL OF CABLE

    2. 300-WATT TRANSFORMER WITH 24-HOUR TIMER

    3. METAL GROUND STAKE

    screws onto bottom of light fixture



    4. 18-WATT PATHWAY LIGHT FIXTURE

    5. 20-WATT SHRUB UP-LIGHT FIXTURE

    6. 20-WATT WALL-WASH LIGHT FIXTURE

    7. WOOD STAKE

    to hold transformer; optional