Step 7: Check the partition for plumb

Checking the partition for plumb
Photo: David Carmack
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Before driving in any nails, use a 4-foot level to check that the stud edges and faces are plumb (perfectly vertical). If adjustments are necessary, move the level and use a hammer to tap the partition into position. Then use the level to recheck for plumb.

If you find any spots where the top plate isn't snug against the ceiling, slip thin wood shims under the sole plate at the appropriate stud locations to close the gap at the top.

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    Tools List

    • four-foot level
      Level,
      for checking whether studs are plumb
    • sledge hammer
      Sledgehammer,
      for nudging the sole plate into position
    • framing square
      Framing square,
      for marking cut and layout lines
    • 16-foot tape measure
      Tape measure
    • hammer
      20-oz. framing hammer
    • chalk line
      Chalk line,
      for marking location of wall on floor and ceiling
    • plumb bob
      Plumb bob,
      for aligning layout marks between ceiling and floor
    • speed square
      Speed Square,
      for marking plates, headers, and studs, and as a saw guide
    • circular saw
      Circular saw

    Shopping List

    1. 2x4s

    2. 10D AND 16D COMMON NAILS