Step 5: Assemble the pieces

Lay all the pieces on edge and in position on the floor. Line up the ends of the studs with the marks on the sole and top plates. Line up the ends of the cripples with the top plate and header.

Follow the assembly sequence shown in the illustration at far right. Start with the components of the door opening; finish with the common studs.

Join pieces at right angles to each other first, by driving two 16d nails, side by side, through the face of one piece and into the end of the adjoining piece.

For face-to-face connections (jack studs to kings, the header pieces) use 10d nails driven every 12-16 inches in a zigzag pattern.

TIP: For a nonload-bearing wall, jack studs may be pieced together from scraps of 2x4s until they completely fill the gap between the sole plate and the bottom of the header.

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    More in Framing & Insulation

    Tools List

    • four-foot level
      for checking whether studs are plumb
    • sledge hammer
      for nudging the sole plate into position
    • framing square
      Framing square,
      for marking cut and layout lines
    • 16-foot tape measure
      Tape measure
    • hammer
      20-oz. framing hammer
    • chalk line
      Chalk line,
      for marking location of wall on floor and ceiling
    • plumb bob
      Plumb bob,
      for aligning layout marks between ceiling and floor
    • speed square
      Speed Square,
      for marking plates, headers, and studs, and as a saw guide
    • circular saw
      Circular saw

    Shopping List

    1. 2x4s