Step 6: Cut Stones to Fit

Mark the cut with a pencil on the top face, then scribe the cut-line using a carbide-tipped awl. For straight cuts, use a level as a straightedge to guide the scribe.

Elevate the edge that will be cut off by placing a piece of wood under the cut-line.

Put on safety goggles, ear protection, and a dust mask.

To score a slab, set the saw blade to a ½-inch cutting depth, start the saw, and slowly guide it along the cut-line. Then set the blade to 1 inch and make another, final pass.

With solid premium-grade bluestone—which is less likely to flake or chip—a scoring cut halfway or three quarters of the way through is sufficient. Just knock off the waste side with a hand sledge. A cheaper, lower-grade stone that's prone to fracturing has to be cut all the way through.
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    Tools List

    • metal garden rake
      Steel rake,
      for spreading stone dust
    • push broom
      Push broom,
      for sweeping stone dust
    • pointed shovel
      Spade shovel,
      for digging and spreading
    • square shovel
      Square shovel,
      for measuring and mixing
    • wheelbarrow
      for mixing wet material
    • torpedo level
      Builder's level,
      for determining pitch
    • leveling rod
      Leveling rod,
      for measuring pitch with builder's level
    • angle grinder
      Angle grinder,
      for cutting curves in stone
    • 16-foot tape measure
      Tape measure
    • circle cutter
      Circle cutter,
      for scribing stone
    • four-foot level
      2- and 4-foot levels,
      for leveling stones
    • pointing trowel
      Pointing trowel,
      for adding cement mix and packing in joints
    • hand rake
      Hand rake,
      for leveling wet material
    • tamper
      Hand tamper,
      for tamping base along walls and siding
    • plate compactor
      Plate compactor,
      rent, if needed, to compact base
    • circular saw
      Circular saw with diamond blade,
      for cutting stone
    • mallet
      Rubber mallet,
      for tapping stone into cement mix
    • sledge hammer
      Hand sledge,
      for driving stakes and snapping stone
    • Skid-steer loader,
      rent, if needed, to clear and dig base

    Shopping List



    for establishing reference points between stakes

    3. GOGGLES

    4. DUST MASK


    for marking stone