Step 12: Toenail the Joints.

toenailing a crossbeam joint
Photo: Ryan Benyi
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Pop the piece out, apply adhesive to it, and set it back. Shoot a nail through each corner of the crossbeam into the ceiling. Then, with your nail gun held at about a 45-degree angle to the joint, toenail through the corner of the crossbeam and into the main beam. Toenail the other corners of the crossbeam, too. This will help hold the joints together as the wood expands and contracts with the seasons.
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    Tools List

    • 30-foot tape measure
      Measuring tape
    • Painter's Tape
      Painter's tape
    • studfinder
      Stud finder
    • 1/8-inch drill bit
      -inch drill bit
    • drill
      Drill/driver
    • miter saw
      Miter saw
    • pneumatic finish nailer
      Pneumatic nailers (16 gauge and 18 gauge)
    • chalk line
      Chalk line with nonstaining chalk
    • Rafter Square
      Rafter square
    • small plastic putty knife
      Putty knife
    • caulk gun
      Caulk gun
    • 2½-inch sash brush
    • paintroller
      Small paint roller

    Shopping List

    1x6 primed finger-jointed pine. Get six 16-footers.

    Cove-profile shoe molding

    Panel adhesive

    2-inch 16-gauge pneumatic nails

    1 inch 18-gauge pneumatic brads

    Wood shims

    Wood glue

    Wood putty

    Latex caulk

    Semigloss paint