Step 5: Overseed

roger cook showing how to seed and prepare your lawn for winter
Photo: Kindra Clineff
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Fill the spreader with seed, set its control to about two-thirds of the bag's recommendation, to account for overlapping passes, and distribute the seed over the compost. As when fertilizing, keep the spreader in motion when opening or closing the hopper. For large areas, you can save time by renting a power overseeder, which slices the turf and drops in the seeds. It eliminates the need to rake in Step 6.
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    Tools List

    • lawn mower
      Lawn mower
    • Core aerator
    • wheelbarrow
      Wheelbarrow
    • snow shovel
      Snow shovel
    • rotary spreader
      Spreader (rotary or drop)
    • plastic rake
      Leaf rake

    Shopping List

    Aged compost: One cubic yard covers 648 square feet.

    Starter fertilizer

    Any recommended soil amendments

    Grass seed