Step 7: Cut Existing Trim

using a Japanese pull-saw to cut existing trim
Photo: Ryan Benyi
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To slip stiles behind existing molding, like the horn of a window's stool, use a flush-cutting saw to cut the horn where it meets the wall. Use the thickness of the stile to guide the saw, as shown, and cut toward the casing. Use a chisel to knock out the block and clean up the notch.

Tip: If you don't have a flush-cutting saw, also called a Japanese saw, mark the thickness of the stile on the horn and cut it with a handsaw.
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    Tools List

    • utility knife
      utility knife
    • flat prybar
      pry bar
    • chalk line
      chalk line or straightedge to mark cuts on the plywood
    • four-foot level
      4-foot level
    • circular saw
      circular saw
    • caulk gun
      caulk gun
    • studfinder
      stud finder
    • brad nailer
      nail gun
    • miter saw
      miter saw
    • japanese pull saw
      flush-cut saw to back-cut existing moldings
    • speed square
      Speed Square
    • cold chisel
      chisel

    Shopping List

    Painter's tape

    ¼inch plywood.
    Get enough to cover the entire area of your wainscoting with the grain running vertically.

    1x4 for the stiles

    1x5 for the corner stiles

    1x6 for the bottom rail.

    1x8 for the top rail and baseboard.
    Get enough to cover each wall twice.

    Stool for the chair-rail cap.
    Choose a profile deep enough to extend beyond the layered depth of the plywood, rail, and apron.

    Casing for the apron

    Panel molding to trim the panels Base-cap molding

    Shoe molding

    Panel adhesive

    2½-inch finishing nails to install the stiles, rails, baseboard, apron, and chair rail

    1½-inch finishing nails to install the panel, base cap, and shoe moldings

    Wood glue

    Wood filler

    Adhesive latex caulk.
    Choose primed boards and molding to save time.