Step 3: Till the soil

toh landscape contractor roger cook tilling the soil
Photo: Kindra Clineff
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Loosen up the top 2 to 4 inches of soil with a rotary tiller. For sandy or uncompacted soil, use a mid-tine tiller with rear-mounted wheels. For heavily compacted soil, a rear-tine tiller is the better choice. Follow the same path as the sod cutter to minimize turns. One pass should be sufficient.
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    Tools List

    • flat blade shovel
      Shovel
    • wheelbarrow
      Wheelbarrow
    • Gas powered sod cutter
      Sod Cutter
    • rotary tiller
      Tiller
    • walk-behind spreader
      Seed spreader
    • metal garden rake
      Grading rake
    • hand rake
      Leaf rake

    Shopping List

    1. Compost

    2. Soil amendments3. Grass seed