Step 1: Dig up the plant

spade digging up a perennial root ball to divide it
Photo: Ryan Benyi
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Rake back any mulch covering the base of the stems, then set a spade or shovel 6 to 12 inches from the center of the plant and push it down vertically into the soil. Work the shovel this way around the plant until you've formed a circle. Now slip the shovel blade under the root ball and pry it out of the ground.
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      Spade shovel
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      Soil knife

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