Step 9: Cut the End Stones

Cut the end stones
Photo: Kolin Smith
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To give the wall strength, you need to stagger the joints between courses. So the second row of the wall should start with a half stone to offset the alignment of the joints. Using a mason’s chisel, mark and score every side of the stone at the point where it will be cut. Create a small channel along the score by chopping it out at an angle, side to side, using light taps on a wide mason’s chisel.
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    Tools List

    • mason's line
      Mason's line and Line level

    • square spade
      Spade

    • tamper
      Hand Tamper

    • four-foot level
      4-foot level

    • mallet
      Rubber Mallet

    • mason's chisel and maul
      Mason's Chisels and Maul

    • brick hammer
      Brick Hammer

    • caulk gun
      Caulk Gun

    Shopping List

    Cast Concrete Block:
    Choose a block made specifically for freestanding walls, not retaining walls or pavers. To calculate how many blocks you need, multiply the length of the wall, in inches, by the height, and divide that figure by the area (length x height) of the side of one block. Add 10 percent to account for cuts and breakage.

    Paver Base:
    A mixture of ¾-inch crushed rock and stone dust. One yard covers 108 square feet 3 inches deep.

    Stone Dust:
    One yard covers 324 square feet 1 inch deep.

    Masonry Construction Adhesive