Step 10: Fill the Joints

fill the joints
Photo: Wendell T. Webber
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Finish the natural look of the patio by planting moss or other plants that can be tread on between the stones.

Hose down the patio to help lock in the stones. Using a garden spade, remove excess pockets of sand in the joints and replace with excavated soil (indigenous moss often prefers this soil to rich potting soil). Clear the stones of excess sand and soil with a push broom.
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    Tools List

    • angle grinder
      grinder
    • brick hammer
      brick hammer
    • mason's chisel and maul
      mason's chisel and maul
    • square spade
      spade
    • pointed shovel
      shovel
    • bubble level
      line level
    • tamper
      hand tamper or compactor (rents for about $85 a day)
    • metal garden rake
      garden rake
    • mallet
      rubber mallet
    • four-foot level
      4-foot level
    • push broom
      push broom
    • hand trowel
      garden spade

    Shopping List

    1. 1½-inch Broken Bluestone Sold in stone yards by the ton; 1½ tons cover about 100 square feet with wide joints. Choose an assortment of small and large stones of varying shapes. If possible, lay the stones out at the yard so that you know you have what you need.

    2. Stakes and Mason's line to lay out the pitch of the patio and keep the stones level.3. Paver Base A mixture of ¾-inch gravel and stone dust. One yard covers 108 square feet 3 inches deep.

    4. Leveling Sand One yard covers 324 square feet 1 inch deep.

    5. Moss Sold by the square foot. Buy enough to cover one-fifth of the area of the patio.