Step 12: Caulk, Prime and Paint

finish up by Caulking, primimg and painting the window
Photo: Russell Kaye
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From the outside, measure the gaps between the window frame and the casing. Fill gaps less than 1/4 inch wide with elastomeric caulk. Anything wider must first be stuffed with foam-rubber backer rod. On the inside, fill any gaps around the window with minimally expanding foam. Finish up by reinstalling the stops or adding new ones. Then prime and paint, or stain the interior of the window sash and frame.
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    Tools List

    • 100-foot tape measure
      Tape measure
    • hammer
      Hammer
    • flat prybar
      Flat pry bar, used to remove old window stops and jamb liners
    • putty knife
      Putty knife, for applying wood putty
    • caulk gun
      Caulking gun with exterior-grade elastomeric caulk
    • drill
      Cordless drill/driver, used to drill holes and drive screws
    • spade bit
      3/8-inch spade bit, for boring foam-insulation access holes in window frame
    • paint scraper
      Paint scraper, used to scrape loose, blistered paint from window frame
    • utility knife
      Utility knife, used to trim shims flush

    Shopping List

    1. Insert replacement window
    sized slightly smaller than existing window frame

    2. Exterior-grade wood putty
    used to patch holes in window frame

    3. Minimally expanding polyurethane foam
    used to insulate wall around window

    4. Wood shims
    for adjusting the window to sit level and plumb in opening

    5. 100-grit sandpaper
    for smoothing window frame prior to priming and painting 6. 2-inch screws
    used to fasten replacement window to frame

    7. Foam-rubber backer rod
    used to fill 1/4-inch-or-wider gaps prior to caulking

    8. Interior window stops
    needed if the original stops broke during removal

    9. Paintbrush, primer and paint
    for applying fresh finish to window frame