Step 1: Mark the bed's outline

The timbers that make up the walls of the bed will butt against one another end-to-side at the corners. So to determine how long to make the timbers, subtract 5 ½ inches (the true width of a 6x6) from the length of each side. Using a circular saw and handsaw, cut 12 timbers to length.

Clear the site of obstructions and arrange 4 timbers in an outline of the planned bed, butting each timber's end against the next timber's side. Using a spade or square-edged shovel, mark the bed's outline by cutting vertically through the turf both inside and outside the loose-laid timbers' perimeter.
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    Tools List

    • circular saw
      Circular saw
    • hand saw
    • trenching spade
    • trenching shovel
      Trenching shovel
    • hand hoe
    • framing square
      Framing square
    • four-foot level
      4-foot level
    • drill
      Drill/driver with an extended 1/2-inch spade bit
    • sledge hammer
      to drive rebar
    • speed square
      Speed square
    • caulk gun
      Caulking gun
    • hack saw
      to cut rebar, optional

    Shopping List

    1. 6X6 TIMBERS

    The bed’s 4 sides each need 3 courses of timbers to rise more than a foot above ground, for a total of 12 timbers. Because it’s best to have full pieces on each side, buy stock lengths at least as long as the dimensions of your bed. Make sure each timber is straight and clear of knots on at least one side.

    2. 2X8 LUMBER

    to make a railing to cap the bed’s walls

    3. 1/2-INCH REBAR

    to secure the first course of timbers to the ground. These are usually sold in 18- to 24-inch lengths. Both are long enough to secure 6x6 timbers at least a foot into the ground.


    such as Timberlok and Timbrex brands, to fasten the sides together.


    to fasten the railing to the timbers


    for drainage under the walls and at the base of the bed. Most home centers carry either 1/2- or 1-cubic-foot bags. To determine the cubic footage you’ll need for 3 inches of fill at the base, divide the square footage of your bed by 4. To figure out how much you’ll need for 2 inches of fill under the timbers, add the length and width of the bed (in feet) and divide that number by 6.


    Most home centers carry 2- or 3-cubic-foot bags of properly amended soil. Because the bed is just about 1 foot deep (with the gravel layer at the bottom), the square footage of the bed roughly equals the cubic footage of soil you’ll need to fill it. Throw in an extra bag to account for settling.


    For fastening 2x8 cap rails.