Step 5: Set the post into the concrete footing

Setting the post into the concrete footing
Photo: Kolin Smith
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Working carefully but quickly, lay the post next to the hole and pull the wires through it from bottom to top. With the concrete still wet, slide the shaft of the post over the conduit and 12 inches into the concrete, making sure the wires still protrude from the top of the post. Twist the post as you put downward pressure on it to work it into the concrete.

Tip: Before setting the post, mark it with a pencil 12 inches up from its bottom so you'll know how deep to plant it in the concrete.
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    Tools List

    • post hole digger
      Posthole digger
    • flathead screwdriver
      Screwdriver
    • trenching spade
      Trenching spade
    • wire strippers
      Wire stripper
    • masonry hoe
      Masonry hoe and wheelbarrow
    • two-foot level
      2-foot level
    • hack saw
      Hacksaw,
      to cut PVC conduit
    • flat blade shovel
      Shovel and concrete float
    • strapping
      Rope or strapping and stakes

    Shopping List

    1. LANTERN

    (the fixture that sits atop the post). Lanterns and posts usually sold separately.



    2. POST

    These come in only a few styles: fluted, not fluted, with or without a crossbar. It's best to order posts from the same manufacturer as your lantern, to ensure that the finishes match.



    3. WIRE

    You'll need enough UF-rated exterior wire to reach from inside the house to the post outside, plus an extra 9 feet to run up through the post. 12-gauge wire will suit both 15-and 20-amp circuits.



    4. CONDUIT

    To meet code for burying wires undergorund, you'll need 3/4-inch "Schedule 40" PVC pipe. Get enough elbows and couplings to make any necessary turns coming out of the house, down to the trench, and up to the post from the ground.



    5. PVC CEMENT

    to adhere the conduit together



    6. 3/4-INCH GRAVEL

    to fill the bottom 6 inches of the posthole



    7. CONCRETE MIX

    Two 80-pound sacks should be enough to creat a 12-inch wide and 16-inch-deep footing.



    8. WIRE NUTS

    to connect the wiring on the lantern. These are color coded by size; yellow should work for 12-gauge wires, but be sure to also check the range of sizes on the packaging.