Finish-grade the soil by raking it level.
Tip: Don't try to spread the fertilizer, lime, or sulfur by hand—or mixed together in the spreader—as they must be applied at different, specific rates.
to test the pH level of the soil. Do-it-yourself soil kits are sold at garden shops and hardware stores for less than $15, or for about $10 more you can contact your local extension service for a mail-in kit that takes about two weeks for results.
to mix with existing soil; about 3 cubic yards covers 1,000 square feet
to condition soil before seeding; you’ll need 3 cubic yards per 1,000 square feet
to correct the pH of soil; you’ll need lime if your soil is acidic, peat moss if it’s slightly alkaline, and sulfur if it’s very alkaline.
use a 12-25-12 mix; the numbers refer to the ratio of nitrogen to phosphorus to potassium. You’ll need about 5 pounds per 1,000 square feet.
about 4 pounds of seed per 1,000 square feet