9. Eastern Deciduous Forests

Grasses:
• Bottlebrush grass Hystrix patula: Seed heads look like skimpy bottle brushes. Partial sun to light shade. Moist to slightly dry soil. 5 feet.

Shrubs:
• Eastern redbud Cercis canadensi: Pink flowers on bare stems, followed by heart-shape leaves. Shade. Little water. 25 feet.



• Witch hazel Hamamelis virginiana: Blooms in late winter. Aromatic. Sun or partial shade. Moderate moisture. 20 feet.
• Mountain laurel Kalmia latifolia: Blooms in early summer. Evergreen. Partial sun to shade. Wet to dry. 20 feet.
• Gray twigged dogwood Cornus racemosa: White flowers and white fruits that birds love. Sun or shade. Moderate moisture. 15 feet.
• Wintergreen Gaultheria procumbens: A ground cover with edible red berries. Sun to shade. Dry to moderately wet. 6 inches.

Wildflowers:
• Spring beauty Claytonia virginica: For woodland gardens. Blooms early. Partial sun or shade. Moist. 12 inches.
• New England aster Symphyotrichum novae-angliae: Purple fall flowers with yellow centers. Great for the back of a garden. Sun to partial shade. Moderate to moist soil. 5 feet.
• Wild blue phlox Phlox divaricata: Slightly fragrant spring bloomer. Partial sun to shade. Average to moist soil. 1 foot.
• Wild ginger Asarum canadense: Tidy groundcover with curious maroon flowers below leaves. Shade. Moderate moisture. 8 inches.
• Blue bead lily Clintonia borealis: Bell-shape flowers develop into shiny blue berries. Shade. Moderate moisture. 1 foot.

Resources:
Brooklyn Botanic Garden
Connecticut Botanical Society
Ohio Farm Bureau

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