What Lies Beneath (continued)

Linoleum diagram
Illustration: Ian Worpole
1) Plywood subfloor
2) Plywood underlayment (1/4-in. 5-ply birch): Makes the best substrate; stable and void-free
3) Narrow-crown staples (5/8-in.): Hold plywood to subfloor
4) Feathering compound (cement-based): Fills seams between plywood sheets
5) Acrylic adhesive
6) Linoleum: Durable antimicrobial sheet flooring made from linseed oil

Hardwood flooring
Illustration: Ian Worpole
Hardwood Flooring
1) Plywood subfloor
2) Builder's felt (15-lb.): Helps flooring stay dry
3) Wood strips (3/4-in.): Stagger joints by at least two rows and 18 inches lengthwise
4) Expansion gap (1/2-in. at walls)
5) Floor cleats (1-in.): Anchor strips every 6 inches
6) Polyurethane (oil-base): Two coats of high-gloss for durability, followed by a coat of satin for looks

drywall diagram
Illustration: Ian Worpole
1) Drywall (1/2-in. on walls, 5/8-in. on ceilings)
2) Drywall screws (1 1/4-in. coarse thread): Stops nail pop
3) Joint compound (applied with 5-in. taping knife)
4) Paper tape (applied to wet compound with 5-in. taping knife before first layer of compound dries)
5) Joint compound (applied with 10-in. knife after first layer dries): Sand after it dries
6) Joint compound (applied with 10-in. knife after second layer dries): Sand after it dries

carpeting diagram
Illustration: Ian Worpole
1) Plywood subfloor
2) Synthetic felt padding (40-oz.)
3) Tack strip: Secures edge of carpet
4) Plush-pile carpet (stain-resistant nylon or wool)

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