Common Mistakes With Batts

Loose batts
Often the problem is sloppy framing. "If the studs are 16.5 inches on center and you're using batts made for 16 inches, you'll have a crack on each side that air can move through," says Tom. In this case, it's best to use cavity-filling foam or blown-in insulation.

Compressed fiberglass batts
Fiberglass insulation gets its R-value from the amount of air it traps between its fibers. If it's jammed too tightly into a cavity, it can't trap as much air and won't be as effective.

Doubled vapor barriers in attic
Laying a second layer of fiberglass batts in the attic is an easy way to boost R-values. But if the new layer has a kraft-paper backing, it can trap moisture and turn the layers underneath into a soggy mess. "I see this mistake all the time," Tom says.

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